Top 7 (Seven) Fields in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering | 2021

Here are the seven fields in Electronics and telecommunication engineering. In this era of the rapid growth in information and technology, the need to know them is paramount. So as to help in the growth and increase in inventions and innovations of new technologies across the globe.

Electronics and Telecommunication engineering is an expectation of engineering that deals with several professions like Digital Communication Techniques, Adaptive Signal Processing, Antenna System Design, Wireless Networks, Statistical Signal Processing, Radar & Navigational Systems, Optical Communication and Networks, VLSI Signal Processing, and many more.

Electronics and Telecommunications engineering is a very wide aspect of engineering that has a large scope and versatile in its fields.

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What is Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering?

Electronics and Telecommunications engineering is one of the branches of engineering which is highly sophisticated and versatile.

It deals with analog transmission, digital transmission, reception of video, voice and data, basic electronics, solid-state devices, microprocessors, digital and analog communication, and many more.

However, the manufacturing of electronic devices, circuits, and communication equipment like transmitter, receiver, integrated circuits, microwaves, and fiber among others have a vital role in telecommunication engineering.

Scope of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering

With the fast growth and spread of information, technology is growing at a rapid pace. In the coming future, there is bound to be a huge demand for competent engineers in the electronic industry to cope with this demand in technology.

These engineers would be involved in creating and sustaining cutting-edge technology to stay ahead in the competition.

Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering have also penetrated into other areas like healthcare, instrumentation, automation, remote sensing, signal processing, etc.

So students pursuing electronics and telecommunication engineering have a lot of scope in varied industries.

Are Electronics and telecommunication engineering a good career?

Technology in the same subject will lead to better job opportunities and career growth. Among the job positions that graduates from the electronics and telecommunication engineering program will be able to pursue include: Research and Development Software Engineer.

7 (Seven) Fields in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering

Some of the popular subjects covered in Electronics and Communication Engineering are as follows:

  • Digital Communication Techniques.
  • Adaptive Signal Processing.
  • Antenna System Design.
  • Wireless Networks.
  • Statistical Signal Processing.
  • Radar & Navigational Systems.
  • Optical Communication and Networks.
  • VLSI Signal Processing.

Digital Communication Techniques

Linear Predictive Coding LPC is a tool that represents digital speech signals in a linear predictive model.

Multiplexing is the process of combining multiple signals into one signal, over a shared medium. Example A traditional television transmitter, which sends a number of channels through a single cable, uses FDM.

Adaptive signal processing:

Adaptive signal processing is a branch of statistical signal processing that deals with the challenging problem of estimation and tracking of time-varying systems which helps in digital signal analysis. 

What is the antenna design?

Antennas can be designed to transmit and receive radio waves frequencies in all horizontal directions equally (omnidirectional antennas), or preferentially in a particular direction (directional, or high-gain, or “beam” antennas).

Wireless Networks

Wireless networks are computer networks that are not connected by cables of any kind.

The use of a wireless network enables enterprises to avoid the costly process of introducing cables into buildings or as a connection between different equipment locations. 

Statistical Signal Processing

Statistical Signal Processing basically refers to the analysis of random signals using appropriate statistical techniques. The main purpose of this article is to introduce different signal processing models and different statistical and computational issues involved in solving them.

Radar & Navigational Systems

When a vessel is within radar range of land or special radar aids to navigation, the navigator can take distances and angular bearings to charted objects and use these to establish arcs of position and lines of position on a chart.

A fix consisting of only radar information is called a radar fix.

Optical Communication and Networks

Optical communications networks are becoming increasingly important as there is a demand for high capacity links. Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) is widely deployed at the core networks to accommodate high capacity transport systems.

Optical components such as optical amplifiers, tunable filters, transceivers, termination devices, and add-drop multiplexers are becoming more reliable and affordable.

VLSI Signal Processing

Research in the field of VLSI digital signal processing (DSP) involves the study of algorithms and architectures for VLSI implementation of signal and image processing algorithms, the theory of architectures and design methodologies, and computer-aided design of VLSI DSP systems which can meet the area-speed-power demands of applications using available technologies.

The objective in the design and implementation of VLSI DSP systems is to reduce the area and power while meeting the speed requirements of the real-time applications. 

Which course is best for electronics and telecommunication engineer?

Best Courses for Electronics and Communication Engineering Students

  • Embedded Systems Design: Embedded system is a combination of hardware and software. 
  • CCNA/CCNP: It is one of those courses which are chosen by students. 
  • Linux.
  • Hardware Embedded.
  • Embedded Testing.
  • C Programming.
  • PLC and SCADA.
  • VLSI.

Job Opportunities for Electronics and telecommunication engineering 

 As an Electronics and Telecommunication engineer, various opportunities are there.

An electronics engineer can get a job in Central Government, State Governments, and their sponsored corporations in public enterprises and the private organizations like All India Radio, Indian Telephone Industries, MTNL, National Physical Laboratories, AIR, Civil Aviation Department; Post and Telegraph Department; Co-ordination Department, National Physical Laboratory, Bharat Electronics Limited, Development Centers in various States, etc. 

Electronics engineers are also absorbed into the entertainment transmission industry, research establishments, and defense. They can also be employed by private companies manufacturing radio equipment and electronics such as Sony, Samsung, etc. 

In Ministry of Communication, All India Radio, DD. In information and broadcasting sectors, railways, police, BSF, CRPF, and defense-related organizations. Take up teaching as a professor of communications in educational institutes

Companies which offer Jobs for Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering are:

  • Texas Instruments
  • Intel
  • AMD
  • CISCO
  • IBM
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Sony
  • Toshiba
  • Philips Semiconductors
  • Nokia
  • Nvidia
  • HP
  • LG Electronics
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
  • Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL)
  • National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
  • Wipro
  • HCL
  • ISRO
  • SYNTEL
  • WIPRO (Western India Palm Refined Oil Limited)

References

https://www.myklassroom.com

http://a4academics.com

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