Undergraduate and graduate degree programs in Toxicology and applied pharmacology provide a good background in biomedical sciences and which help to prepare individuals for a wide range of career opportunities.
Graduates in this field of studies get employment opportunities in the Universities, Hospitals, pharmaceutical, and biotech companies both private and public research establishments, consulting organizations both government agencies both within Canada and the world at large.
But it all depends on the interest and training of the individual, graduates of these programs may be engaged in various kind of roles. For instance involvement in laboratory and clinical research related to drugs and chemicals.
What is Toxicology?
The word toxicology simply refers to a branch of science that is concerned with the nature, effects, and detection of poisons.
Toxicology can also be said to be the measurement and analysis of potential toxins, intoxicating or banned substances, and prescription of medications present in the body.
What are the branches of Toxicology?
There are various branches of Toxicology, known as sub-disciplines or subspecialties, and all these centers on a specific aspect of toxicology. And they include;
- Toxic genomics
- Chemical toxicology
- Clinical toxicology
- Aquatic toxicology
- Medical toxicology
- Occupational toxicology
What is the difference between Toxicology and pharmacology Difference?
A lot of people misinterprets the two words taken them to be the same thing, both words are the studies that involve an understanding of chemical properties and their actions on the human body but are different in some aspect.
Pharmacology centers on the therapeutic effects of pharmaceutical properties and how they can be used very well for medical purposes.
While Toxicology is concerned with measuring the risk of certain properties with risk assessment tools.
Toxicology is more related to the adverse effects that can take place in living organisms that come in contact with chemicals.
Who is a toxicologist?
Is some who had studied toxicology and works with materials and chemicals to check the toxic effects that may have in the society and the life of living organisms.
What is pharmacology?
It is a branch of science that is concerned with the study of a drug or medication action.
Where a drug can be said to be any man-made natural or endogenous molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on tissues, organ, or organism.
What are the branches of pharmacology?
There are two branches of pharmacology which are
- Pharmacokinetics refers to the absorption, distribution of metabolism the excretion of drugs.
- Pharmacodynamics refers to the molecular, biochemical, and physiological effects of drugs.
Best schools with Toxicology and pharmacology
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University of Southern California
The University of Southern California is a private college situated in Los Angeles, California.
It is a university with a total registered number of 19,194 of undergraduate students. The admission into the school is very competitive as the acceptance rate is 13%.
With a popular major in Business, Communication, and Biology. With 92% of graduating students. Alumni in the institution go on to earn a starting salary of $53,800.
University of California-Berkeley
Berkeley is a highly rated public institution situated in Berkeley, California in the San Francisco Bay Area.
It is a large university with a total registered number of 29,570 undergraduate students.
Admission into this college is very competitive as the university acceptance rate is 15%.
Including popular majors like Economics, computer science, and cellular biology. Ii has 91% of graduating students and the alumni in the reputable college go to earn a starting salary of $48,700
This is a private university, a national research institute, and a proven leader in technological education and sustainable economic establishment.
With 95 various courses of study in engineering, business, arts, education, science, and health professions, they educate over 4,300 students and pursue scholarship, teaching, and innovation.
Situated in the heart of historic Boston, this is a private teaching and research institution.
With 10 undergraduate schools and colleges, 300+ majors and minors, more than 650 global courses, $1 million in research funding for undergraduates, and 80 study abroad courses, the academic opportunities at Boston University.
University of Wisconsin
This is a public institution situated in Madison, Wisconsin. It is a large university with a total registered number of 29,375 undergraduate students.
Admission into this university is very competitive as the acceptance rate is 52%. Popular majors include; Biology, Economics, and information science. With 87% of graduating students. Alumni of this university go on to earn a starting salary of $45,000.
This is a public university situated in-state college, Pennsylvania. It is a large university with a registered number of 39,321 undergraduate students.
Admission into this school is fairly competitive as the acceptance rate is 56%. Majors include information science, biology, and economics.
With 85% of graduating students, the school alumni go on to earn a starting salary of $40,100.
University of California- Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara is a public institution situated in Isla Vista, California in the Santa Barbara Area.
It is a big university with a registered number of 22,601 undergraduate students.
Securing admission into this school is very competitive as the acceptance rate is 32%.
Majors include Sociology, economic and research, and experimental psychology.
With 82% of graduating students, the alumni of the famous institute go on to earn a starting salary of $39,000.
University at Buffalo, SUNY
The University of Buffalo is a public institution situated in Amherst, New York in the Buffalo Area.
It is a big university with a total number of registered students of 19,941 undergraduate students,
Obtaining admission into this prestigious university is competitive as the school acceptance rate is 56%.
With majors that include Business, psychology, and social Science Research Methods. With 76% of graduate students, alumni of this university go on to earn a salary of $40,800.
University of the Science
This a private institute situated in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is a small university with a registered number of 1,216 undergraduate students.
Admission into this college is competitive and the acceptance rate is 63%. With majors that include a pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences.
With 77% of graduate students. Alumni of this school go to earn a starting salary of $68,400.
University of California
Related Post: Masters in Pharmacology – 7 Best Schools in USA | 2020
This prestigious university is situated in Davis, California in the Sacramento Area.
It is a big university with a registered number of 29,967 undergraduate students.
Admission in this school is competitive as the acceptance rate is 41%. Majors include Research and experimental psychology, Economics, and Managerial Economics.
With 86% number of graduating students. Alumni in this institution go on to earn a starting salary of $40,400.
Job opportunity in pharmacology and Toxicology
- Product safety evaluation
- Teaching and regulatory affairs
The truth about studying and becoming a toxicologist and a pharmacologist is very tedious.
It only requires one to be able to make research always, just as many pharmacologists often find themselves working in a pharmaceutical establishment.
There so many institutions that offer toxicology and pharmacology programs. In this article, the above listed are universities that offer undergraduate and graduate programs.
On toxicology and pharmacology endeavor to read carefully and make the right decision in selecting the right career.