List of Best Medical Forceps and Their Uses | Cost, and Safety

This article elucidates the List of Best Medical Forceps and their uses, cost, and safety measures for all who wish to identify the differences involved in using the Medical or surgical forceps instrument.

Medical forceps are surgical instruments used during surgeries and other medical procedures however, this article will enlighten you on the List of Best Medical Forceps and their uses, cost, and safety.

Medical forceps are used for tweezing, clamping, and applying pressure nevertheless.

Relatively they can also be used as pincers or extractors and they are used in emergency rooms, exam rooms, operating rooms, and also to render first aid.

However, forceps are often used for holding or removing tissues or for placing or removing gauze sponges, or wipers.

It’ll interest you to know that medical forceps offer more precise function and technical efficiency that the fingers can’t provide.

This article, however, is provided to enlighten and also to educate you on the uses, cost, and safety of particularly Debakey, Kelly Clamp, and Adson Forceps

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What is Medical Forceps?

Forceps are handheld, hinged instruments that are used for grasping and holding objects.

However, the invention of medical forceps is attributed to Stephen Hale (1677-1761) an English clergyman who contributed immensely to the scientific field.

They are however used when the fingers are too large to grasp small objects or when many objects need to be held at one time while the hands are used to perform tasks nonetheless.

Relatively the term “forceps” is used exclusively within the medical field, outside the medical field it is referred to as tweezers, clips, tongs, pliers, and clamps.

However, the basic surgical forceps can be categorized into the following groups depending on their function.

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Disposable forceps

The disposable forceps are usually made of lower quality materials or plastic materials which are disposed of after use.

Non-disposable forceps

These are the basic surgical forceps that withstand various kinds of physical and chemical effects of the body fluids, secretions, sterilization methods, and cleaning agents.

Surgical forceps nevertheless are commonly made of high-grade carbon steel, which ensures they can withstand repeated sterilization in high-temperature autoclaves regardless.

Meanwhile, some are made of higher-quality stainless steel, chromium, and vanadium alloys to ensure durability and also the freedom from rust.

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What are the types of Forceps?

Forceps generally come with a hinge and a pivot towards the middle although they all perform different functions.

In the same light, there are two types of surgical forceps:

Locking Forceps

They are almost always hinged in the middle, though some forms place the hinge very close to the grasping end. 

However, this type of forceps uses various means to lock the grasping surfaces in a closed position to facilitate manipulation or to independently clamp, grasp, or hold an object.

Non-locking Forceps

This type of forceps also come in two basic forms; hinged at one end, away from the grasping end (such type of forceps are celled tweezers), and hinged in the middle, (those types of forceps that looks like scissors).

They are also referred to as pick-ups, tissue forceps, or dressing forceps

Additionally, the Non-locking forceps are also called “thumb forceps” because closure activates by depressing your thumb upon one side of the forceps’ shank while a finger is on the opposite shank.

However, by compressing both shanks together, these surgical tweezers grasp and hold a tissue or other surgical equipment.

In the same fashion, the spring tension regulates how wide the device can open and also the amount of tissue you can grip.

Non-locking forceps nevertheless come with several different tip options, including flat, serrated, cupped, ringed, grooved, teeth or diamond dusted.

Correspondingly, they also require less pressure to maintain a firm grip of forceps thereby leading to less result of damages than the flat forceps.

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What are Surgical Forceps made of?

Medical forceps are made with durable materials, including stainless steel, high-grade carbon steel, titanium, plastics, polypropylene, or a combination of alloys.

However, the allot versions can include chromium, nickel, or cobalt and the tips of the alloy models have the added benefit of high flexibility and offer superior performance.

In the same light, these materials can withstand the harsh environments of sterilization and autoclaving.

Although the plastic constructed instruments are disposable but the alloy models are usually reusable.

Best Models of Medical Forceps

Adson Forceps

Adson Forceps, however, are used for handling dense tissue, such as in skin closures or to provide hemostasis.

Similarly, Adson forceps instruments are manufactured with high-grade material to enhance longevity and also sturdiness respectively.

Furthermore, every type of Adson forceps is firstly sterilized in the autoclave in order to reuse it for futuristic purposes.

Relatively, Adson forceps are requisite in every kind of surgical procedures and also to grip loose the expunged tissue and also manage the oral tissue placement while suturing process in oral surgery.

Generally, the original price of Adson Forceps is approximately around; $289.10 per case.

However, there are two types of Adson forceps which are:

Adson Bipolar Forceps:

This type in particular is small and tight built and is also constructed to allow more control during the surgical process.

Like most forceps, Adson forceps are similar to tweezers manufactured of stainless steel and made to hold onto something else that is hard to hold onto alone.

Additionally, the Adson Bipolar Forceps are designed to minimize heat and current while coagulating regardless.

And also used for bipolar electrosurgical procedures, these forceps however are designed with a 1.0 mm tip and a smooth jaw. 

Just as with their standard counterparts, these forceps are the most common bipolar forceps model.

Price: $282.15 Each

Adson Brown Forceps:

The Adson Brown Forceps differ with their short jaws and narrow tips. However, these forceps look like teeth used to pick up delicate tissue.

These forceps teeth are not meant to bite but rather hold tissue and cause as little damage or tear as possible.

The forceps, however, also has a wide, flat thumb grasp area that is commonly serrated. The jaws are short and the tips are narrow. 

Adson forceps with multiple rows of teeth used to grasp delicate tissue, most commonly in plastic surgery or hand surgery. 

The Adson brown forceps is straight with 7×7 teeth and a length of 4-3/4 inches.

Relatively the Adson brown forceps are mostly used in cosmetics surgery and also ENT surgery.

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Price: $125.68 Each

Debakey Forceps

Debakey Forceps however is the type of atraumatic tissue forceps used in the vascular procedure to avoid tissue damage during manipulation.

Furthermore, they are typically large and they have a distinct coarsely ribbed grip panel, as opposed to the finer ribbing on most other tissue forceps regardless.

The Debakey forceps were developed by Dr. Michael E. DeBakey, alongside other innovations during his tenure at Baylor College of Medicine.

However, Debakey forceps are useful to grasp soft tissues and organs during the surgical process, the jaws and tooth of the forceps allow for a stable grip on tissues.

Debakey forceps specially designed teeth maintain the grip on tissue but do not tear it or leave small injuries which may later cause internal bleeding or further damages.

In the same fashion, the most notable feature of the Debakey forceps is its ribbing on the handle, most forceps have fine ribbing and grip handles while Debakey has a rough-ribbed grip section.

This type of forceps, however, is popularly used in abdominal surgeries, the long handle and slender tips allow the reaching of deep underlying tissues that are otherwise inaccessible.

Furthermore, the good and stable grip the Debakey forceps projects enable the surgeon to perform surgical procedures on the body organ without the need to directly handle the organ.

Additionally, these forceps are used for cardiovascular surgeries, and also those that involve manipulation of the large blood vessels in different body organs.

The Debakey forceps are also thumbed forceps with significant advantages in terms of its design and ergonomics over other forceps.

The forceps (Debakey) are used for liver or hepatic parenchymal transactions in most liver resections.

However, the original price of a Titanium Debakey Forceps is approximately around; $339.77 per each

Kelly Clamp Forceps

Kelly Clamp or Hemostatic forceps are usually made of surgical stainless steel with a two-position locking device. 

This forceps however was named in attribute to Howard Atwood Kelly, M.D., the first professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

These type of forceps looks like a pair of scissors with the blade replaced by a blunted grip.

However, they also feature a locking mechanism to allow them to act as clamps nevertheless.

Kelly Clamp or forceps may be floor-grade (regular use) and as such not used for surgery.

Oftentimes these instruments are sterilized and used in operations, in both human and veterinary medicine.

However, surgery may be used for congesting blood vessels, manipulating tissues, or for assorted and other surgical purposes.

Additionally, the Kelly forceps hold tissue securely while applying traction with curved or straight blades. 

In the same fashion, the Kelly clamp instrument can be used as a heat sink, and also the third hand.

The serrations on Kelly forceps are not sharp, and will not cut soft materials, it is mostly used in picking not cutting.

Moreover, the Kelly forceps are used for grasping, holding firmly, or exerting traction upon objects, especially during delicate operations.

The Kelly forceps come in a variety of sizes depending on your application.

For instance, Mosquito hemostats clamp small blood vessels, and Kelly hemostats can be used to clamp larger vessels or grasp tissue although with shorter serrations. 

However, the general price for Kelly clamp forceps is approximately around $15.75

Frequently asked questions

What is Forceps Delivery?

A forceps delivery however is an assisted type of delivery. It is a Labor situation whereby, doctors use a pair of forceps (which resemble two large salad tongs) to guide the baby’s head through the birth canal nonetheless.

It is rarely called for regardless, although the doctor may decide on a forceps delivery to speed up the labor, especially if the mother or baby is showing signs of distress.

What are Russian Forceps?

In the same fashion, Russian Forceps are used for grasping heavy or thick tissue. They consist of two blades joined by a spring-loaded hinge. 

The Russian forceps are straight with a circular cup-shaped serrated tip, the forceps are nevertheless used in wound closure procedures and they are also classified according to the shape of their tips. 

What is the risk involved in using forceps?

One of the most important aspects of a surgical room is the equipment used for ensuring everything is safe and ready for use.

But there are still risks you need to know in order to prevent serious complications.

It is pertinent to note that there’s a great risk in leaving surgical instruments unsterile because it can result in contamination thereby putting the patients’ lives at risk of dangerous infectious diseases.

Therefore, to avoid being a victim it is advisable that every surgical instrument be sterilized before use.


Medical forceps are used in holding what the fingers cannot hold, they are made of high-grade carbon steel that guarantees they are strong enough to withstand repeated sterilization in high-temperature auto-claves.

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